THE INDIA-PAKISTAN QUESTION
AUSTRALIA, COLUMBIA, PHILIPPINES, U.K., U.S.A. JOINT DRAFT RESOLUTION.*
THE SECURITY COUNCIL,
Having received and noted with appreciation the report of Mr. Gunnar V. Jarring, the Representative of Sweden, on the mission undertaken by him pursuant to the Security Council resolution of 21 February 1957;
Expressing its thanks to Mr. Jarring for the care and ability with which he has carried out his mission;
Observing with appreciation the expressions made by both parties of sincere willingness to co-operate with the United Nations in finding peaceful solution; 
Observing further that the Governments of India and Pakistan recognize and accept the commitments undertaken by them in the resolutions of the United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan dated 13 August 1948 and 5 January 1949, which envisage the determination of the future status of the State of Jammu and Kashmir in accordance with the will of the people through the democratic method of a free and impartial plebiscite, and that Mr. Jarring felt it appropriate to explore what was impeding their full implementation;
Concerned over the lack of progress towards a settlement of the dispute which his report manifests;
Considering the importance which it has attached to demilitarization of the State of Jammu and Kashmir as one of the steps towards a settlement;
Recalling its previous resolutions and the resolutions of U.N.C.I.P. on the India-Pakistan question;
1. Requests the Government of India and the Government of Pakistan to refrain from making any statements and from doing or causing to be done or permitting any acts which might aggravate the situation and to appeal to their respective peoples to assist in creating and maintaining an atmosphere favorable to the promotion of further negotiations;
2. Requests the United Nations Representative for India and Pakistan to make any recommendations to the parties for further action which he considers desirable in connexion with Part I of the U.N.C.I.P. resolution of 13 August 1948, having regard to his third and fifth reports and the report of Mr. Jarring, and to enter into negotiations with the Governments of India and Pakistan in order to implement Part II of the U.N.C.I.P. resolution of 13 August 1948, and in particular to reach agreement on a reduction of forces on each side of the cease-fire line to a specific number, arrived at on the basis of the relevant Security Council resolutions and having regard to the fifth report of the United Nations Representative for India and Pakistan;
3. Calls upon the Governments of India and Pakistan to co-operate with the United Nations Representative in order to formulate an early agreement on demilitarization procedures, which should be implemented within three month of such an agreement being reached;
4. Authorizes the United Nations Representative to visit the sub-continent for these purposes; and
5. Instructs the United Nations Representative to report to the Security Council on his efforts as soon as possible.


*The Representative of the U.S.S.R. said in the Security Council on 21 November, 1957 that he would oppose this Joint Draft Resolution (S/3911). The President deferred the consideration of the question without putting the draft resolution to vote. Subsequently, certain amendments were introduced by the Representative of Sweden to the Joint Draft Resolution and this Draft Resolution as amended (S/3920) was adopted by the Security Council on 2-12-1957, vide Resolution No. 126 (1957).

 
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